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Constitution of 1782

The Irish Parliament, a mediaeval body made up of the Irish House of Commons and the Irish House of Lords[?], and from which Roman Catholics had been excluded from both membership and voting for, had been subject to a number of restrictions imposed by English governments as to its ability to debate issues and take decisions, notably Poyning's Law[?] of 1492. These restrictions were all lifted in 1782, producing a period of unheard-of legislative freedom. This period came to be known as Grattan's Parliament after Henry Grattan, a major campaigner for reform in the Parliament's Irish House of Commons.

The Irish Parliament merged with the Parliament of Great Britain in 1800, ending the period of legislative freedom. From 1801 to 1922, Ireland legally was part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and legislated for from the United Kingdom parliament in Westminster.

The eighteenth century Old Irish Parliament House in College Green in Dublin (which was the world's first purpose-built two-chamber parliament in the world, pre-dating the nineteenth century Palace of Westminster and the United States Capitol), survives today under the name of the Bank of Ireland, College Green. While its famed Irish House of Commons chamber was dismantled after the 1801 Act of Union. the magnificent Irish House of Lords[?] chamber still exists and is worth a visit by anyone visiting Dublin. Visits are free. It is open during normal Bank opening hours.

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