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Herbert Spencer

Herbert Spencer (27 April 1820 - 8 December 1903) was an English philosopher.

He was born in Derby and worked at various jobs before becoming a journalist on The Economist in 1848. From that time onwards, he was a professional writer, and in 1855 produced his great work, Principles of Psychology, which included, among other things, his ideas on evolution. The concept of "social Darwinism" sprang from this.


  • System of Synthetic Philosophy (1860)
  • Social Statics (1851)
  • Education (1861)
  • The Man Versus the State (1884)
  • Autobiography (1904)

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