Encyclopedia > Geography of Honduras

  Article Content

Geography of Honduras

Geography of Honduras

Table of contents

Location: Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Nicaragua

Geographic coordinates: 15 00 N, 86 30 W

Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

Area:

  • total: 112,090 sq km
  • land: 111,890 sq km
  • water: 200 sq km
  • Area - comparative: slightly larger than Tennessee

Land boundaries:

  • total: 1,520 km
border countries:
  • Guatemala 256 km,
  • El Salvador 342 km,
  • Nicaragua 922 km

Coastline:

  • 820 km
  • Maritime claims:
    • contiguous zone: 24 nm
    • continental shelf: natural extension of territory or to 200 nm
    • exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
  • territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains

Terrain: mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains

Elevation extremes:

  • lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
  • highest point: Cerro Las Minas 2,870 m

Natural resources: timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, hydropower

Land use:

  • arable land: 15%
  • permanent crops: 3%
  • permanent pastures: 14%
  • forests and woodland: 54%
  • other: 14% (1993 est.)
  • Irrigated land: 740 sq km (1993 est.)

Natural hazards: frequent, but generally mild, earthquakes; damaging hurricanes and floods along Caribbean coast

Environment - current issues: urban population expanding; deforestation results from logging and the clearing of land for agricultural purposes; further land degradation and soil erosion hastened by uncontrolled development and improper land use practices such as farming of marginal lands; mining activities polluting Lago de Yojoa (the country's largest source of fresh water) as well as several rivers and streams with heavy metals; severe Hurricane Mitch damage

Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

See also : Honduras, List of places in Honduras



All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

 
  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
 
 
  
  Featured Article
List of closed London Underground stations

... stations once served by the Metropolitan Line, District Line or Northern City Line (Great Northern & City Railway) remain open as mainline stations: Great ...

 
 
 
This page was created in 43.2 ms