Born in Zelazowa Wola[?] in central Poland to a French father and Polish mother, he started his musical education in 1816, composed his first work in 1817, and made his first appearance on stage in 1818. He studied music first with Joseph Elsner[?], and after 1826 in the Musical School in Warsaw.
In 1830 he left Poland for France and lived the rest of his life in Paris where he died of tuberculosis in 1849. He was companion to novelist George Sand for ten years, but she left him when he got tuberculosis, and he died soon after that. His friends were Franz Liszt and Vincenzo Bellini (beside whom he is buried in the Pere Lachaise).
His works, almost all for the piano, include:
In commemoration of the genius of Chopin there is a piano contest held in Warsaw every five years.