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European Space Agency

The European Space Agency (ESA) is an inter-governmental organisation with a mission to provide and promote the exploitation of Space science, research & technology and Space applications. It is responsible for the development of the Ariane 4 and Ariane 5 satellite launcher.

The precursor of the European Space Agency, ESRO[?] (European Space Research Organization) was established on March 20, 1964 per an agreement signed on June 14, 1962.

The ESA consists of fifteen member states: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

Its projects include:

The ESA has also collaborated with NASA on several missions:

The ESA has a staff of about 1,700. Its 1999 budget was 2,650.8 million euros.

See also:

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