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Elbrus (computer)

Elbrus (ЭЛЬБРУС) is currently a series of SPARC-compatible computers developed in Russia by Elbrus MCST. The name has been used since the 1970s for Soviet supercomputer systems developed by ITMiVT, named after the mountain.

The three Soviet Elbrus systems were Elbrus 1 (1973) the first Russian integrated circuit computer, Elbrus 2 (1977) a 10-processor computer, and Elbrus 3 (1986) a 16-processor computer. Elbrus 1 was the first fourth generation Soviet computer[?] and was used by the Defence Ministry. A side development was an update of the 1965 BESM-6[?] as Elbrus-1K2. Elbrus 2 is considered the first Soviet supercomputer, with superscalar RISC processors, and was used in the space program, nuclear weapons research and defence systems.

The current SPARC-like systems have been developed from 1996 with the Elbrus-90 and the company was formed in agreement with Sun Microsystems in 1997. The company reported in 1998 the development of an innovative EPIC[?] processor dubbed E2K by a team under Boris Babaian[?], little has been heard since.

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