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Daifang commandery

Daifang (帶方郡 dai4 fang1 jun4) was one of the Chinese commanderies in the Korean Peninsula.

History

Gongsun Kang (公孫康), a warlord in Liaodong[?], separated the southern half from the Lelang commandery and established the Daifang commandery in 204 to make administration more efficient. He controled southern natives with Daifang instead of Lelang. In 236 under the order of Ming Di of Kingdom of Wei, Sima Yi[?] conquered the Gongsun family and annexed Liaodong, Lelang and Daifang to Wei. The Daifang commandery was inherited by the Jin Dynasty. Due to bitter civil wars, Jin became unable to control the Korean peninsula at the beginning of the 4th century. Zhang Tong (張統) broke away from Jin in Lelang and Daifang. Goguryeo annexed Lelang in 313 and Daifang was disappeared in the peninsula soon after that. The Chinese residents maintained their own cultures for a century.

Area

The Daifang commandery was located in Hwanghaedo and Kyǒnggido. According to Jinshu (晉書), it had the following seven prefectures (縣):

  • Daifang (帶方)
  • Liekou (列口)
  • Nanxin (南新)
  • Changcen (長岑)
  • Tixi (提奚)
  • Hanzi (含資)
  • Haiming (海冥)

The capital was put in the Daifang prefecture. The controversy over its location is not resolved yet. Historians believe that it was on the Han River, while archaeologists insist that a site of a city in Hwanghaedo is the capital.



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