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Havana

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Havana ("La Habana" in Cuban Spanish) is the capital of Cuba and the largest city in the Caribbean, with a population of 2.1 million.

History

Conquistador Diego Velasquez de Cuellar founded the first town in Cuba called Havana in 1515 on the southern coast of the island, but moved Havana to its current location in 1519. Havana was originally as a trading port, and became the capital of the Spanish colony of Cuba in 1607, and the main port of the Spanish colonies in the New World.

Havana suffered from being burnt by Buccaneers in 1538, and looted in 1555 and 1553. Great Britain seized the city in 1762, then exchanged it for Florida the following year. After regaining the city, the Spanish made it the most heavily fortified city in the Americas.

In the 1920s during Prohibition in the United States, Havana became a popular vacation destination for Americans; the nightclubs and gambling survived Repeal, but most were closed in 1959 after the Cuban Revolution[?].

Old Havana preserves a wealth of Spanish Colonial architecture, and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Havana's International airport is Jose Marti International Airport.


Havana is also:

  1. a place in Arkansas in the United States of America (see Havana, Arkansas).
  2. a place in Florida in the United States of America (see Havana, Florida).
  3. Little Havana the Cuban district in Miami, Florida, named after the Cuban capital.



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