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Chicago White Sox

The Chicago White Sox are a Major League Baseball team based in Chicago, Illinois.

Founded: 1893, as the Sioux City, Iowa franchise in the minor Western League. Moved to St. Paul, Minnesota, then again to Chicago in 1900 when that league became the American League.
Formerly known as: Sioux City Cornhuskers, 1894. St. Paul, 1895-1899. "White Sox" is short for "White Stockings".
Home ballpark: Comiskey Park, Chicago. (The current Comiskey Park was opened in 1991; the original Comiskey Park was in use from 1910 to 1990.)
Uniform colors: black, white and gray
Logo design: the letters "SOX", interlocked in various ways
American League pennants won: 1901, 1906, 1917, 1919 and 1959
World Series championships won: 1906, 1917

Franchise history

The team was founded by Charles Comiskey[?], a former major-league ballplayer who starred with the St. Louis Browns[?] in the 1880s. Comiskey originally founded the team in Sioux City, Iowa, as part of a minor league called the Western League. The Cornhuskers won the league pennant in 1894, then moved to St. Paul, Minnesota. When the Western League changed its name to the American League in 1900, a year before claiming major league status, the St. Paul franchise was relocated to Chicago, to compete directly with the National League club in that city.

The club adopted the name "White Stockings", the original name of the Chicago Cubs, and acquired a number of stars from the National League, including pitcher and manager Clark Griffith[?], who paced the White Sox to the AL's first pennant in 1901. The White Sox would continue to be built on pitching and defense in the following years, led by pitching workhorse Ed Walsh[?], who routinely pitched over 400 innings each season in his prime.

The Hitless Wonders:
Walsh, Doc White and Nick Altrock paced the White Sox to their 1906 pennant and their first World Series victory, a stunning upset over the Cubs who had won a record 116 regular-season games. The Sox, dubbed the "Hitless Wonders" for having the lowest team batting average in the American League that year, nevertheless took the Series, and intercity bragging rights, in six games.

"Say it Ain't So, Joe!"
The White Sox contended over the next decade, but did not bring home a pennant until 1917. Led by second baseman Eddie Collins[?] and outfielder Shoeless Joe Jackson, the White Sox now had offense to go with the pitching of Eddie Cicotte and Red Faber[?]. After an off-year in 1918, the club bounced back to win the pennant in 1919 and entered the World Series that year heavily-favored to defeat the Cincinnati Reds. Sadly, this was the year of the infamous Black Sox scandal, in which eight White Sox players, including Cicotte and Jackson, were barred from organized baseball for life for taking part in a plot by gamblers to "fix" the World Series.

The Go-Go Sox
It would be forty years until the White Sox found themselves in a World Series again, but again it would be a team built on pitching and defense. In an era noted for power pitching and power-hitting, the 1959 White Sox would lead the league in stolen bases and would manufacture runs through speed and cunning. American League MVP[?] Nellie Fox[?] led the attack. The White Sox would, however, lose the World Series to the Los Angeles Dodgers.

"Good guys wear black"
The White Sox of the 1990s adopted black uniforms, instantly jumping to the top of the league in merchandise sales. The 1990s teams also contended well, led by pitcher Jack McDowell[?] and first baseman Frank Thomas[?]. The team reached the American League Championship Series in 1993 and the American League Divisional Series in 2000. Under manager Jerry Manuel, the White Sox these days field a young, talented club that is maturing.

Players of note

Baseball Hall of Famers:

Current stars:

Not to be forgotten:

Retired numbers:

Chicago White Sox official web site (http://chicago.whitesox.mlb.com/NASApp/mlb/cws/homepage/cws_homepage.jsp)

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