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Chiang Rai province

Capital:Chiang Rai
Area:11,678.4 km²
Ranked 12th
Inhabitants:1,124,594 (2001)
Ranked 13th
pop. density:96 inh./km²
Ranked 47th
ISO 3166-2:TH-57

Chiang Rai (Thai เชียงราย) is the most northern province (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from east clockwise) Phayao[?], Lampang and Chiang Mai. In the north it borders Laos and Myanmar.

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The average elevation of the district is 580 m. The north of the district belongs to the so-called Golden Triangle, at which the borders of Thailand, Laos and Myanmar converge - an area which was very unsafe because of the drug smuggling across the borders. The Mekong river forms the boundary with Laos.

History Chiang Rai became a province in 1910, after being part of the kingdom of Lannathai for centuries. After Lannathai was incorporated into Thailand, it stayed an autonomous region and thus the Chiang Rai area was administered from Chiang Mai.

Demographics 12.5% of the population belong to the hilltribes, a minority in the North of Thailand.


The seal of the province shows a white elephant, the royal symbol. The provincial tree is the Tree Jasmine (Radermachera ignea[?]), and the provincial flower is the Orange Trumpet (Pyrostegia venusta[?]).

Administrative divisions

King Amphoe
(minor districts)
  1. Muang Chiang Rai
  2. Wiang Chai
  3. Chiang Khong
  4. Thoeng
  5. Phan
  6. Pa Daet
  7. Mae Chan
  8. Chiang Saen
  1. Mae Sai
  2. Mae Suai
  3. Wiang Pa Pao
  4. Phaya Mengrai
  5. Wiang Kaen
  6. Khun Tan
  7. Mae Fa Luang
  8. Mae Lao
  1. Wiang Chiang Rung
  2. Doi Luang

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