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Bergen-Belsen

Bergen-Belsen was a German concentration camp in the Nazi time. It was located in Lower Saxony, southwest of the town of Bergen[?] near Celle.

It was started in 1940 as a POW camp. After 1941 about 20,000 Soviet soldiers were tortured and killed in the camp. Later (1942) Bergen-Belsen became a concentration camp; the SS took the command in April 1943. There were no gas chambers in Bergen-Belsen, since the mass murders took place in the camps further east; nevertheless thousands of jews, homosexuals and Roma and Sinti were tortured or starved to death. In 1945 the prisoners of other camps were brought to the front lines, since these camps were liberated by the Soviets. In overcrowded conditions disease and malnutrition caused many deaths. Mass graves were dug. When the British liberated the camp on April 15, 1945, they found thousands of bodies unburied.

70,000 people were killed in Bergen-Belsen. One of them was Anne Frank, who died there in 1945.



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