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Antigonus II Gonatas

Antigonus II Gonatas (c. 319239 BC) was a Macedonian king, the son of Demetrius I Poliorcetes, and grandson of Antigonus I Monophthalmus.

On the death of his father (283), he assumed the title "king of Macedonia", but did not obtain possession of the throne until 276, after it had been successively in the hands of Pyrrhus, Lysimachus, Seleucus, and Ptolemy Ceraunus[?].

Antigonus repelled the invasion of the Gauls, and continued in undisputed possession of Macedonia till 274, when Pyrrhus returned from Italy(?), and (in 273) made himself master of nearly all the country. [??] the advance of Pyrrhus into Peloponnesus, he recovered his dominions. He was again (between. 263 and 255) driven out of the kingdom by Alexander, the son of Pyrrhus, and again recovered.

The latter part of his reign was comparatively peaceful, and he gained the affection of his subjects by his honesty and his cultivation of the arts. He gathered round him distinguished literary men philosophers, poets, and historians. He died in the eightieth year of his age, and the forty-fourth of his reign. His surname "Gonatas" was usually derived by later Greek writers from the name of his supposed birthplace, Gonni[?] (Gonnus[?]) in Thessaly; we take it to be a Macedonian word signifying an iron plate for protecting the knee; neither conjecture is a happy one, and in our ignorance of the Macedonian language it must remain explained.


This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica. Please update as needed.

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