Encyclopedia > Yuan T. Lee

  Article Content

Yuan T. Lee

Yuan Tseh Lee (李遠哲 Pinyin: Lǐ Yuǎnzh) (born November 19, 1936) was the first Taiwanese-born Nobelist, winning the Chemistry Award in 1986 with the Hungarian-Canadian John C. Polanyi[?], and American Dudley R. Herschbach for their contributions to the dynamics of chemical elementary processes. Lee's particular work was on crossed molecular beams further towards its use for general reactions, a method for the study of important reactions for relatively large molecules.

With a Fujianese ancestry (specifically, Rongqiao Village (榕橋村), Nan'an County (南安縣), Quanzhou[?] City), Lee was born in Hsinchu City in northern Taiwan to Li Tze-fan (李澤藩 Lǐ Zfn), who was an accomplished Hsinchu-born artist; and Ts'ai P'ei (蔡配 Ci Pi), who was an elementary school teacher from Wuchi Township (梧棲鎮), Taichung County[?]. Lee was in the baseball and ping-pong teams of Hsinchu Elementary School (新竹國小), he then studied in Hsinchu Senior High School (竹中), where he played tennis and trombone. His higher education were in National Taiwan University (without the entrance examination[?] due to achievements at high school) (1959), and master studies at National Tsing Hua University (1961), and doctoral at the the University of California, Berkeley, USA (1962).

In February 1967, he started working with Dudley Herschbach on reactions of hydrogen atoms and diatomic alkali molecules and the construction of a universal crossed molecular beams apparatus. In 1974, he returned to Berkeley as professor of chemistry and principal investigator at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, and became an American citizen the same year. Since January 15, 1994, Lee has been the head of the Academia Sinica[?] in Taiwan and in order to take this office, he renounced his American citizenship. Lee is still currently a professor at UC Berkeley.

Lee Yuantze played an important role during the 2000 Taiwanese Presidental Election. In the last week of the election he announced his support for the candidacy of Chen Shui-bian who subsequentally won a narrow victory over James Soong. This crucial endorsement has caused a great deal of hostility to be directed at him, particularly by novelist Li Ao.

At the request of ROC politicians, Lee was the Republic of China's unofficial representative in the 2002 APEC leaders' summit in Mexico. Lee's participation in politics is verbally attacked by Li Ao, who criticized Lee for being a "hypocrite" (「充滿偽善」) claiming to be a scholar who pursues neutrality and truth and yet ignores the Black Gold activity that Li claims Chen Shui-bian engaged in as the mayor of Taipei.

The fact that Lee is both Taiwanese and American by education, acculturation, and citizenship also causes Li Ao to explicitly maintain that the Nobelist that the Taiwanese are proud of is in fact just an American, who switched allegiance by his own choice. (See Chinese American.) With Bernice Wu Chin-li (吳錦麗 W Jǐnl), whom Lee has known since elementary school, he has 3 children: Ted (news broadcasting personnel), Sidney (doctor), and Charlotte (sociologist). The fact that the Lee family, all members of which are Taiwanese-American, has been used by Li Ao as further proofs of the overwhelming Americanness of Lee that overtakes his Taiwanese heritage.

Since the 2000 election, he has not taken an active role in politics.

Lee was one of the four Nobelists who established the Wu Chien-Shiung Foundation.

His English name is not in the Wade-Giles (Li Yan-che) that was popular in Taiwan.

External links

  • Nobel bio (http://www.nobel.se/chemistry/laureates/1986/lee-bio)



All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

 
  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
 
 
  
  Featured Article
Contortionist

... depending on the direction in which their spine is more flexible. Relatively few performers are equally adept at bending both frontwards and backwards. Some of the ...