Encyclopedia > Weaving

  Article Content

Weaving

Weaving is an ancient textile art and craft that involves placing two threads or yarn made of fibre onto a warp[?] and weft[?] of a loom and turning them into cloth. This cloth can be plain (in one colour or a simple pattern), or it can be woven in decorative or artistic designs, including tapestries.

There are many kinds of weaving. A great many commercial fabrics are woven on a large variety of automatic dobbie looms with the more intricate tapestries woven on Jacquard looms. However, many craftspeople still use hand looms to produce fine fabrics and tapestries in a traditional manner.

History of Weaving

Enslaved women worked as weavers during the Sumerian Era. They would wash wool fibers in hot water and wood-ash soap[?] and then dry them. Next, they would beat out the dirt and card the wool. The wool was then graded, bleached, and spun into a thread. The spinners would pull out fibers and twist them together. This was done by either rolling fibers between palms or using a hooked stick. The thread was then placed on a wooden or bone spindle[?] and rotated on a clay whorl[?] which operated like a flywheel.

The slaves would then work in three-woman teams on looms, where they stretched the threads, after which they passed threads over and under each other at perpendicular angles. The cloth was then taken to a fuller.


The text below was originally at "Weavers weaving" and is to be integrated with this the above.

This is an article from the public domain Easton's Bible Dictionary, originally published in 1897. This article is written from a nineteenth century Christian viewpoint, and may not reflect modern opinions or recent discoveries in Biblical scholarship. Please help the Wikipedia by bringing this article up to date.

Weavers Weaving - Weaving was an art practised in very early times (Ex. 35:35). The Egyptians were specially skilled in it (Isa. 19:9; Ezek. 27:7), and some have regarded them as its inventors.

In the wilderness, the Hebrews practised it (Ex. 26:1, 8; 28:4, 39; Lev. 13:47). It is referred to in subsequent times as specially the women's work (2 Kings 23:7; Prov. 31:13, 24). No mention of the loom is found in Scripture, but we read of the "shuttle" (Job 7:6), "the pin" of the beam (Judg. 16:14), "the web" (13, 14), and "the beam" (1 Sam. 17:7; 2 Sam. 21:19). The rendering, "with pining sickness," in Isa. 38:12 (A.V.) should be, as in the Revised Version[?], "from the loom," or, as in the margin, "from the thrum." We read also of the "warp" and "woof" (Lev. 13:48, 49, 51-53, 58, 59), but the Revised Version[?] margin has, instead of "warp," "woven or knitted stuff."

From Easton's Bible Dictionary (1897)


In computer science, weaving describes the process of combining different aspects into a complete application. See Aspect-oriented programming.



All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

 
  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
 
 
  
  Featured Article
Edwin Jaynes

... of maximum entropy and Laplace's principle of indifference[?]. His last book Probability Theory: The Logic of Science gathers together multiple threads of moder ...