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Valencian

Valencian is the official name of the Catalan language spoken in the Valencian Country[?] or Comunidad Valenciana, in Spain.

Valencian also designs the Catalan variant spoken in the Valencian Country.

Some features of Valencian variant:

  • A system of 7 stressed vowels /a,E,e,i,O,o,u/, reduced to 5 in unstressed position (/E,e/ > [e], /O,o/ > [o]) (feature shared with Nord-occidental Catalan and Ribagoršan)
  • In general, use of modern forms of the determinate article (el,els) and the 3rd person unstressed object pronouns (el,els) but etymological old forms for the other unstressed object pronouns (me,te,se,ne,mos,vos...)
  • Valencian has preserved medieval prepalatal afficates [dZ],[tS] in contexts where other modern dialects have developed fricatives [Z] or [jZ] (feature shared with modern Ribagoršan)
  • Valencian preserves the final oclusive in the groups [mp,nt,Nk,lt] (feature shared with modern Balearic)
  • Valencian is the only modern Catalan variant that preserves final [r] final in all contexts
  • Valencian preserves the medieval system of demonstratives with three different deixis (este/aš˛/acÝ, eixe/aix˛/aquÝ, aquell/all˛/allÝ) (feature shared with modern Ribagoršan)
  • Valencian has -i- as tematic vowel for incoative verbs of the 3rd conjugation este servix (this one serves) (like Nord-occidental Catalan)
  • An exclusive feature of Valencian is the subjunctive[?] imperfect morph /ra/: que ell vinguera (that he come)

It has three main dialects:

  • Septentrional: spoken in most of the province of Castellon de la Plana, and the area of Matarra˝a in the province of Teruel. Septentrional Valencian shares some features with Catalan of the Tortosa area, in the province of Tarragona.
  • Central or apitxat, spoken in Valencia city and its area. Apitxat has two distinct features:
    • All voiced sibillants get unvoiced (that is, apitxat pronounces ['tSove] ['kasa] (young man, house), where other Valencians would pronounce ['dZove], ['kaza])
    • It preserves the strong simple perfect, which has been substituted by a analytic perfect with VADERE + infinitive in the rest of modern Catalan variants (simple perfect is still preserved incomplete in Ibiza).
  • Meridional: spoken in most of the province of Alicante, and the area of Carxe[?] in the province of Murcia



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