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Transportation in Singapore

Situated at the crossroads of international shipping and air routes, Singapore is a center for transportation and communication in southeast Asia. Singapore Changi International Airport[?] is a regional aviation hub served by 64 international airlines and is being expanded with the construction of a third terminal slated for completion in 2006. The Port of Singapore[?] is the world's busiest and ranks second globally as a center for containerized transshipment traffic.

Singapore has two land links to Malaysia. The Causeway, built in the 1920s to connect Johor Bahru (Johor, Malaysia) to Woodlands in Singapore, carries a road and a railway line whereas the Second Link, a bridge further west was completed in 1996 and links Tuas in Singapore to Gelang Patah in Johor (Malaysia).

Railways: 38.6 km, narrow gauge, 1.000 m, connected to the Malaysian railway system.

There is a 109 km heavy rail system known as the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) system with 67 stations. There are three main lines running at present, namely the North-South Line, the East-West Line and the Northeast Line. A new Circle Line is under construction, is slated to be completed in 2010 and will be opened in phases as they are ready.

In 1998, a 7.8 km Light Rapid Transport[?] (LRT) system with 14 stations was introduced in Bukit Panjang[?]. Two more LRT lines were opened in 2003, namely the Punggol and Sengkang LRT lines.

total: 3,122 km
paved: 3,038 km (including 150 km of expressways)
unpaved: 84 km (1998)

Ports and harbors: Singapore

Merchant marine:
total: 891 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 21,808,813 GRT/34,783,544 DWT
ships by type: bulk 140, cargo 121, chemical tanker 66, combination bulk 6, combination ore/oil 6, container 162, liquified gas 26, livestock carrier 2, multi-functional large load carrier 3, petroleum tanker 294, refrigerated cargo 6, roll-on/roll-off 10, short-sea passenger 1, specialized tanker 12, vehicle carrier 36 (1999 est.)
note: a flag of convenience registry; includes ships from 22 countries among which are Japan 41, Denmark 35, Sweden 28, Thailand 28, Hong Kong 26, Germany 19, Taiwan 19, and Indonesia 11 (1998 est.)

Airports: 9 (1999 est.)

Airports - with paved runways:
total: 9
over 3,047 m: 2
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 1 (1999 est.)

Heliports: 1 (1999 est.)

See also : Singapore

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