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Tibet (Thibet in older spelling; Bod in Tibetan, Tübed in Mongolian) is a region of Central Asia and the home of the Tibetan people. Most of Tibet is in the Tibetan Autonomous Region of China.

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History Main article: History of Tibet


Tibet consists of several regions:

  • Amdo (a mdo) in northeast → the provinces of Qinghai, Gansu and part of Sichuan
  • Kham (khams) in east → part of Sichuan, northern Yunnan and part of Qinghai
  • U (dbus) in center → part of Tibetan Autonomous Region
  • Tsang (gtsang) in west → part of Tibetan Autonomous Region

(See also Provinces of China)

In the wide sense, Tibet also includes Bhutan, Sikkim and Ladakh[?].


The Tibetan people speak Tibetan language and a few Tibetans write the Tibetan written language.

Tibet is the traditional center of Vajrayana, a distinctive form of Buddhism. Before 1959, Tibet was a theocracy led by the Dalai Lama, who now lives in exile and is internationally seen by many people as being a spokesman for the Tibetan people.

Tibet is also home for spiritual tradition called Bön (alternative spelling: Bon).

External links

Further Reading

  • Virtual Tibet: Searching for Shangri-La from the Himalayas to Hollywood, Orville Schell, Henry Holt, 2000, hardcover, 340 pages, ISBN 0805043810

Editing tools:

  • The 1911 Encyclopaedia (http://25.1911encyclopedia.org/T/TI/TIBET.htm): Info on geography, climate, flora, people, language, literature, writing, and history. (Scroll down pass TIBESTI)

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