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A textile is any kind of woven, knitted, or tufted cloth, or a cloth made of fibers that have been bonded into a fabric, e.g. felt or flocked fabrics.

Textile also refers to the yarns, threads and wools that can be spun, woven, tufted[?], tied and otherwise used to manufacture cloth. The production of textiles is an ancient art, whose speed and scale of production has been altered almost beyond recognition by mass-production and the introduction of modern manufacturing techniques. An ancient Roman weaver would have no problem recognizing a plain weave, twill, or satin.

Many textiles have been in use for millennia, while others use artificial fibers and are recent inventions. The range of fibers has increased in the last 100 years. The first synthetics were made in the 1920s and 1930s.

Some fabrics are fetishized by some people, perhaps on the basis that the garment forms a "second skin" that acts as a fetishistic surrogate for the wearer's own skin. One of the most common forms of this is spandex fetishism.

Commonly used natural (deriving from plant or animal) fibers and textiles include:

Some examples of artificial (polymer-based) textiles are:

Velvet is a fabric can be made from either natural (eg, silk) or artificial (eg, rayon) fibres.

Applications of cloth

  • Arts and crafts
  • Carpet
  • Clothing
  • Cleaning cloth
  • Curtain
  • Dish-cloth
  • Floor-cloth
  • Handkerchief
  • Parachute
  • Projection screen
  • Tablecloth
  • Tarpaulin
  • Tea-cloth
  • Tent
  • Towel
  • Wall tapestry
  • Washing glove
  • Windscreen

See also:

Textile is also a jargon term used by naturists or nudists to describe a person who wears clothes.

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