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Tampere (pronounced tam-pe-re) (Swedish name Tammerfors) is a city in central Finland located between two lakes: Näsijärvi[?] and Pyhäjärvi. Since the two lakes differ in level by 18 metres, the Tammerkoski[?] rapids linking them have been an important power source throughout history, most recently for generating electricity. The modern city was founded in 1779 by Gustav III.

Tampere has currently (August 2002) about 199,000 inhabitants and is the third biggest city in Finland. Tampere's appeal is much brought about by the two universities, University of Tampere[?] (UTA) and Tampere University of Technology (TUT), located in Hervanta. Each university has some 10,000 students.

Tampere's sporting scene is driven by the two ice hockey teams Tappara[?] and Ilves[?]. They both have had great impact on the Finnish ice hockey culture and are the most successful teams in Finland. Football is also raising its head in the city with Tampere United[?] winning the 2001 Finnish championship.

Tampere's industrial nature in the 19th and 20th centuries gave it the nickname 'The Manchester of the North.' The main tourist attraction is the Särkänniemi[?] amusement park, which includes a dolphinarium[?] and the landmark Näsinneula tower[?], topped by a revolving restaurant.

Tampere is surrounded by cities and towns of Kangasala, Kuru, Lempäälä, Nokia, Orivesi[?], Pirkkala[?], Ruovesi[?] and Ylöjärvi[?].

Population 198 429
Founded 1779
To Helsinki 173 km
Area 690,6 km2
Max temp C +29,8
Min temp C -26,4
Pop. density 378/km2

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