Encyclopedia > Swiss cheese

  Article Content

Swiss cheese

Swiss cheese is the generic name for several related varieties of cheese, originally made in Switzerland.

The 450 known Swiss cheeses are classified in 5 categories extra-hard, hard, semi-hard, semi-soft, and soft. Cow milk is used in 99% of the cheeses produced, the remaining share is mostly made up of sheep and goat milk.

Well known Swiss cheese (among others) categorized:






Three types of bacteria are used in the production of Emmentaler cheese: Streptococcus thermophilis, Lactobacillus, and Propionibacter shermani. In a late stage of cheese production, P. shermani consumes the lactic acid excreted by the other bacteria, and releases carbon dioxide gas, which forms bubbles that appear to be "holes" when the cheese is sliced. The cheese industry calls these holes or tunnels "eyes".

See also: Cheese

All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
  Featured Article
Kings Park, New York

... spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 38 ...

This page was created in 38.4 ms