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Steven Spielberg

Steven Spielberg (born on December 27, 1947 in Cincinnati, Ohio) is an American film director whose films range from science fiction to historical drama[?] to horror. He is noted for the patriotism of his work and, in recent years, for his willingness to tackle controversial issues. One consistent theme in his work is the abuse of others, whether it's a father abusing his children (physically or verbally), or capitalism or a government agency abusing an entire class of people.

Spielberg is arguably the most financially successful motion picture director of all time. He has helmed an astounding number of feature films that have become enormous box-office hits, and this has given him incomparable influence in Hollywood. As of 2003, he has been listed in Premiere and other magazines as the most "powerful" and influential figure in the motion picture industry. As of 2003, he is seen as a figure who has the influence, financial resources, and acceptance of Hollywood studio authorities to make literally any movie he wants to make, whether it's a mainstream action-adventure movie (Jurassic Park)or a three-hour-long black-and-white drama about a controversial historical subject (Schindler's List) -- a position that certainly makes makes many other filmmakers envious.

Spielberg's considerable success, as well as his tendency to make films with wide mainstream and commercial appeal, also subjected him to disdain in critical circles for much of his career. Despite their enormous appeal, few film scholars and critics place such Spielberg films as Raiders of the Lost Ark or E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial in the same class as The Godfather, Citizen Kane, or many other classics of the cinema. Several of Spielberg's more "serious" works, such as Empire of the Sun[?] and The Color Purple, have been seen as attempts to cast himself as a legitimate maker of "serious" motion pictures. Spielberg finally won the critical acclaim he had long sought when he made Schindler's List in 1993.

As of 2001, he had won two Academy Awards for Best Director, one for Schindler's List and another for Saving Private Ryan. In 1986, the Academy gave him The Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award. The most famous films he directed:

Spielberg has produced (but not directed) a considerable number of films, and can be credited with launching the career of Robert Zemeckis. He is also a lover of animated cartoons, and has produced several hit cartoons (and a few flops), including Tiny Toon Adventures, Animaniacs, and Freakazoid[?].

He is one of the co-founders of Dreamworks Studios[?], which has released all of his movies since The Lost World: Jurassic Park in 1997.

Following the critical and box office success of Schindler's List in 1993, Spielberg founded and continues to finance the Shoah Project: a non-profit organization with the goal of providing an archive for the filmed testimony of as many survivors of the Holocaust as possible, so that their stories will not be lost in the future.

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