Encyclopedia > Stadium

  Article Content


The Roman word stadium referred to a unit of measure, approximately 200 meters in length.

Greek and Roman stadiums have been found in numerous ancient cities, perhaps the most famous being the Coliseum in Rome.

A modern stadium (pl. stadiums or stadia) is a place, or venue, for outdoor sports, concerts or other events, consisting of a field or stage partly or completely surrounded by a structure designed to allow spectators to stand or sit and view the event.

Domed stadiums have roofs. They are called stadiums because they are large enough for, and designed for what are generally considered to be outdoor sports. If they are designed for what are usually indoor sports, they are called arenas. Some stadiums have partial roofs. Others have moveable roofs, and a few have even been designed to have moveable fields.

An all-seater stadium has seats for all spectators. Other stadiums are designed so that all or some spectators stand to view the event.

Table of contents
1 The Stadium List

Designed use

Different sports require fields of different size and shape. Some stadiums are designed primarily for a single sport while other stadiums can accommodate different sports. Stadiums built specifically for some form of football are quite common. The most common multiple use design combines a football field with a running track, a combination generally works fairly well, although certain compromises must be made. The major drawback is that the stands are necessarily set back a good distance from the field, especially at the ends of the field. In the case of some smaller stadiums, there aren't stands at the ends. When there are stands all the way around, the stadium takes on an oval shape. When one end is open, the stadium has a horseshoe shape. All three configurations (open, oval and horseshoe) are common, especially in the case of American college football stadiums. In the United States, where baseball and football are the two most popular outdoor spectator sports, a number of football/baseball multi-use stadiums were built beginning in the 1960, and some of them were successful. However, since the requirements for baseball and football are significantly different, the trend beginning in the 1990s has been toward the construction of single-purpose stadums. In several cases a football stadium has been constructed adjacent to a baseball ballpark.

Beginning in the 1990s, the owners of sports stadiums in the United States found it worthwhile to subsidize costs by accepting corporate sponsorship; this led to vast numbers of stadium names being changed to that of the sponsor.

The Stadium List

(currently incomplete)




All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
  Featured Article

... the urethra is about 1-1.5 inches (25-38 mm) long and opens in the vulva between the clitoris and the vaginal opening. In the human male, the urethra is about 8 ...

This page was created in 37.2 ms