Encyclopedia > Sculpture

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image of a sculpture
Sculpture is any three-dimensional form created as an artistic expression.

Sculpting is the art of assembling or shaping an object. It may be of any size and of any suitable material.

Traditional sculpting materials are:

Modern and contemporary materials include

as well as any found-objects; the surrealist method of coulage (in which a molten material is poured into cold water) uses chocolate, among other materials. (In his late writings Joan Miro even proposed that some day sculptures might be made of gases (see gas sculpture.))

Perhaps the least elitist of these media is sand, as it is used by young and old to create sand castles.

Some of the forms of sculpture are:

Sculptors include the Classical Greek masters, through Michelangelo Buonarroti, Leonardo da Vinci and the Renaissance masters, to modern sculptors such as Moore.

The Australian copyright case of Greenfield Products Pty Ltd v. Rover-Scott Bonnar Ltd[?] (1990) 17 IPR 417 is authority for the proposition that a thing not intended to be a sculpture is not a sculpture. This seems contrary to some famous examples of sculpture, including Marcel Duchamp's 1917 sculpture consisting of a porcelain urinal lying on its back, entitled "Fountain", and Carl Andre's sculpture "Equivalent III" exhibited in the Tate Gallery in 1978, consisting of bricks stacked in a rectangle.

See: List of sculptors

External links

What are our priorities for writing in this area? To help develop a list of the most basic topics about sculpture, please see sculpture basic topics.

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