Encyclopedia > Scrophulariales

  Article Content


Scientific classification
Ref. [Uni-Ham 52efam (http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de/b-online/d52/52efam.htm)] 2002-09-06
And, not listed in above:
Ref. Itis 32925 (http://www.itis.usda.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=32925) 2002-09-06

Table of contents
1 Families

Synonyms and common names

Lamiales is often used in place of Scrophuliariales. Both Lamiaceae and Scrophulariaceae are now placed within this order by cladistically-oriented taxonomists, so either name may be used. However, in cladistic nomenclature, the Lamioid clade is a more basal clade than the Scrophularioid clade, and for this reason, cladistically-oriented taxonomists prefer the Lamiales name.


In its discussions Delta notes the classification difficulties which have arisen with this group.

There are about 11000 species in the Scrophulariales. They belong to 10 families (Uni-Ham 52e (http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de/b-online/d52/52e.htm) 2002-09-06):


  • Acanthaceae, Acanthus family.
    • about 250 genera and about 2500 species (Uni-Ham acanth (http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de/b-online/vascular/acanth.htm) 2002-09-06)
  • Bignoniaceae, Bignonias.
    • about 100 genera and about 800 species (Uni-Ham bignoni (http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de/b-online/vascular/bignoni.htm) 2002-09-06)
  • Buddlejaceae[?], Butterfly-bush family, Buddleias, Sagewood family.
    • 8 genera (Uni-Ham 52efam (http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de/b-online/d52/52efam.htm) 2002-09-06). Also found under Lognaniaceae sensu lato (Delta buddleja (http://biodiversity.uno.edu/delta/angio/www/buddleja.htm) 2002-09-06)
  • Gesneriaceae[?], Gesneriads.
    • about 140 genera (Uni-Ham 52efam (http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de/b-online/d52/52efam.htm) 2002-09-06), about 2500 species (Uni-Ham 52e (http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de/b-online/d52/52e.htm) 2002-09-06)
  • Globulariaceae[?]
    • 2 genera (Uni-Ham 52efam (http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de/b-online/d52/52efam.htm) 2002-09-06), about 30 species (Delta globula (http://biodiversity.uno.edu/delta/angio/www/globular.htm) 2002-09-06).
  • Hydrostachyaceae[?]
    • 1 genus, 30 species (Delta hydrosta (http://biodiversity.uno.edu/delta/angio/www/hydrosta.htm)). Treated in Cornales by cladists. Not listed in ITIS. Not listed in Uni-Ham.
  • Lamiaceae, Mints.
    • 200 genera, 3200 species (according to Gleason & Cronquist) Placed in this order by cladists.
  • Lentibulariaceae[?], Bladderworts.
    • 3 genera (Uni-Ham 52efam (http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de/b-online/d52/52efam.htm) 2002-09-06)
  • Myoporaceae[?]
    • 3 genera (Uni-Ham 52efam (http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de/b-online/d52/52efam.htm) 2002-09-06)
  • Oleaceae, Olives.
    • about 25 genera (Kew Oleaceae (http://www.rbgkew.org.uk/cgi-bin/web.dbs/genlist.pl?OLEACEAE) 2002-09-06) and about 600 species (ole (http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de/b-online/vascular/ole.htm) 2002-09-06). Sometimes found under Gentianales.
  • Orobanchaceae[?], Broomrapes.
    • 5 genera. Not listed in Uni-Ham; sometimes included in Scrophulariaceae. (siu.edu (http://www.science.siu.edu/parasitic-plants/Relation-Scroph) 2002-09-06)
  • Pedaliaceae[?], Sesame family.
    • 17 genera (Uni-Ham 52efam (http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de/b-online/d52/52efam.htm) 2002-09-06)
  • Scrophulariaceae, Figworts.
    • about 190 genera and about 4000 species (Uni-Ham scrophulari (http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de/b-online/vascular/scrophulari.htm) 2002-09-06)


http://www.itis.usda.gov of 2002-05-31 TSN: 500018
http://biodiversity.uno.edu/delta/angio/www/hydrosta.htm, no date given
http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de/b-online/vascular/acanth.htm 2002-09-06
http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de/b-online/d52/52e.htm 2002-09-06
http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de/b-online/d52/52efam.htm 2002-09-06
http://www.rbgkew.org.uk/web.dbs/genlist 2002-09-06 (looks like the Kew genlist database, pretty much one of the botanical databases out there, broke down in the middle of my research. Therefore, To be continued.)

All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
  Featured Article
East Hampton North, New York

... and the average family size is 3.07. In the town the population is spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, ...

This page was created in 32 ms