Encyclopedia > Scrophulariaceae

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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Scrophulariales
Family: Scrophulariaceae
  Agalinis[?] Raf. -- false foxglove
  Alectra[?] Thunb.
  Amphianthus[?] Torr.
  Angelonia[?] Humb. & Bonpl. -- angelon
  Antirrhinum L. -- snapdragon
  Aureolaria[?] Raf. -- false foxglove
  Bacopa[?] Aubl. -- water hyssop, waterhyssop
  Bartsia[?] L.
  Bellardia[?] All. -- lineseed
  Besseya[?] Rydb. -- kittentail
  Brachystigma[?] Pennell -- desert foxglove
  Buchnera[?] L. -- bluehearts
  Calceolaria[?] L. -- slipperwort
  Capraria[?] L.
  Castilleja[?] Mutis -- Indian paintbrush
  Chaenorhinum[?] Reichenb. -- dwarf snapdragon
  Chaenorrhinum[?] Reichenb.
  Chelone[?] L. -- turtlehead
  Chionophila[?] Benth. -- snowlover
  Collinsia[?] Nutt. -- blue eyed Mary, blue-eyed Mary
  Cordylanthus[?] Nutt. -- bird's beak, bird's-beak
  Cymbalaria[?] Hill
  Dasistoma[?] Raf.
  Digitalis L. -- foxglove
  Diplacus[?] Nutt. -- bush monkeyflower
  Dopatrium[?] Buch.-Ham.
  Epixiphium[?] Munz
  Euphrasia[?] L. -- eyebright
  Galvezia[?] Dombey
  Gambelia[?] Nutt. -- greenbright
  Glossostigma[?] Wight & Arn.
  Gratiola[?] L. -- hedge hyssop, hedgehyssop
  Hebe[?] Comm.
  Hemianthus[?] Nutt.
  Holmgrenanthe[?] Elisens -- rocklady
  Howelliella[?] Rothm.
  Keckiella[?] Straw
  Kickxia[?] Dumort. -- cancerwort, kickxia
  Lagotis[?] Gaertn.
  Lendneria[?] Minod
  Leucophyllum[?] Bonpl. -- barometerbush
  Leucospora[?] Nutt.
  Limnophila[?] R. Br. -- marshweed
  Limosella[?] L. -- mudwort
  Linaria[?] P. Mill. -- toadflax
  Lindernia[?] All. -- false pimpernel
  Lophospermum[?] D. Don
  Mabrya[?] Elisens
  Macranthera[?] Nutt.
  Maurandella[?] Rothm.
  Maurandya[?] Ortega
  Mazus[?] Lour.
  Mecardonia[?] Ruiz & Pavón
  Melampyrum[?] L. -- cowwheat
  Micranthemum[?] Michx. -- mudflower
  Mimetanthe[?] Greene
  Mimulus[?] L. -- monkey-flower, monkeyflower
  Misopates[?] Raf.
  Mohavea[?] Gray
  Nemesia[?] Vent.
  Neogaerrhinum[?] Rothm.
  Nothochelone[?] Straw
  Nuttallanthus[?] D.A. Sutton -- toadflax
  Odontites[?] Ludwig
  Orobanche[?] L.
  Orthocarpus[?] Nutt. -- owl's-clover, owlclover
  Parentucellia[?] Viviani -- glandweed
  Paulownia[?] Sieb. & Zucc.
  Pedicularis[?] L. -- lousewort
  Penstemon Schmidel -- beard tongue, beardtongue
  Pseudorontium[?] Rothm.
  Rehmannia[?] Libosch.
  Rhinanthus[?] L. -- rattleweed, yellowrattle
  Russelia[?] Jacq.
  Sairocarpus[?] D.A. Sutton -- snapdragon
  Schistophragma[?] Benth.
  Schwalbea[?] L. -- schwalbea
  Scoparia[?] L. -- licorice weed
  Scrophularia[?] L. -- figwort
  Seymeria[?] Pursh -- black senna
  Stemodia[?] L. -- twintip
  Striga[?] Lour. -- witchweed
  Synthyris[?] Benth. -- kittentails
  Tonella[?] Nutt.
  Torenia[?] L.
  Triphysaria[?] Fisch. & C.A. Mey. -- owl's-clover
  Verbascum[?] L. -- mullein
  Veronica[?] L. -- speedwell
  Veronicastrum[?] Heister
and about 200 more.
Ref: ITIS 33005 (http://www.itis.usda.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=33005)
For full list see Kew (http://www.rbgkew.org.uk/cgi-bin/web.dbs/genlist.pl?SCROPHULARIACEAE)

Scrophulariaceae is a family (biology) of plants, comprising 292 genera and about 4000 species.

In such a large family you'll find many medicinal plants[?], among them:

There are also half- and full parasites, among them

And gardeners will recognize Anthirrhinum[?], snapdragons, which include the spectacularly ornamental annuals, Antirrhinum majus.

Tight-lipped species of both Antirrhinums and Linarias[?] can be made to open their jaws by pressing on the hinges of single plucked flowers. This is fascinating to both kids and playful adults, especially when accompanied by appropriate sound effects: "woof woof" for the smaller Linarias, and lionlike roars for the larger Antirrhinums.

Orobanche[?] is sometimes found in its own family, Orobanchaceae[?].

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