Encyclopedia > Sampling frequency

  Article Content

Sampling frequency

In digital signal processing, sampling frequency is the rate at which sampling is done. Sampling frequency is usually measured in hertz, or samples per second.

When converting from analog to digital, the analog signal must usually be sampled -- that is, measured or read -- at discrete intervals of time. The length of the interval depends on the application, but is limited by the Nyquist-Shannon sampling theorem. The sampling frequency is the inverse of this number: the smaller the interval, the higher the frequency, and, in general, higher frequencies imply higher-quality sampling.

In digital audio, common sampling rates are:

In digital video, which uses a CCD as the sensor, the sampling rate is defined the frame/field rate, rather than the notional pixel clock. All modern TV cameras use CCDs, and the image sampling frequency is the repetition rate of the CCD integration period.

  • 50 Hz - PAL video
  • 60 / 1.001 Hz - NTSC video

When analogue video is converted to digital video, a different sampling process occurs, this time at the pixel frequency. Some common pixel sampling rates are:


See also:



All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

 
  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
 
 
  
  Featured Article
Kings Park, New York

... them, 65.1% are married couples living together, 8.7% have a female householder with no husband present, and 23.4% are non-families. 20.1% of all households are made up ...

 
 
 
This page was created in 38.7 ms