Encyclopedia > SAMPA

  Article Content

SAMPA

SAMPA, for Speech Assessment Methods Phonetic Alphabet, is a computer-readable phonetic script using 7-bit printable ASCII characters, based on the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA).

It was originally developed in the late 1980s for six European languages by the EEC ESPRIT information technology research and development program. As many symbols as possible have been taken over from the IPA; where this is not possible, other signs that are available are used, e.g. [@] for schwa, [2] for the vowel sound found in French deux and [9] for the vowel sound found in French neuf.

Today, officially, SAMPA has been developed for all the sounds of the following languages:

The following characters [s{mpA:] represent the pronunciation (http://www.phon.ucl.ac.uk/home/sampa/english.htm) of the name SAMPA. Like IPA, SAMPA is usually enclosed in square brackets or slashes, which are not part of the alphabet proper and merely signify that it is phonetic and not regular text.

See a concise version of SAMPA for English sounds.

See a more complete SAMPA chart of the sounds found in most of the European languages.

External link



All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

 
  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
 
 
  
  Featured Article
Nitrous oxide

... fear of staff abusing the gas is the main reason that it is rarely used today. While the gas itself is not toxic, death can result if it is inhaled in such a way that not ...