Encyclopedia > Religious denomination

  Article Content

Religious denomination

A religious denomination, (also: denomination) is a large, long-established religious group that has been in existence for many years. The term is frequently used to describe the many different Protestant Christian churches; it is also used to describe the three main branches of Judaism: Orthodox Judaism, Conservative Judaism and Reform Judaism.

Denominations often form slowly over time for many reasons; due to historical accidents of geography, culture, and influence between different groups, members of a given religion slowly begin to diverge in their views. Over time members of a religion may find that they have developed significantly different views on theology, philosophy, religious pluralism, ethics and religious practices and rituals. As such, in any of a myriad of ways, different denominations eventually form. In other cases, denominations form very rapidly, either as a result from a split or schism in an existing denomination, or as people from many different denominations share an experience of spiritual revival or awakening, and choose to form a new denomination based on that new experience or understanding.

An example within Christianity is the Mennonite and the Church of the Brethren denominations. Both denominations are similar in their beliefs, yet they are unique because they were started by a different person, (Menno Simons[?] and Alexander Mack[?] respectively). Their division is administrative, and there is much communication and interaction between the two. Since its founding, the Mennonite denomination has split into a number of smaller Mennonite denominations, because of both geography and social and theological differences.

Another example is the Roman Catholic Church and various Protestant churches such as the Lutheran Churches. When Martin Luther founded the Lutheran Church, he and his followers were persecuted and sometimes killed as heretics. The early Lutherans in turn persecuted and sometimes killed the Anabaptists as heretics. Even today there are major ideological differences between them, even though there is no physical hostility.

See also: Sect, Cult, Religion, Christian Denominations

All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
  Featured Article
Battle Creek, Michigan

... the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 35 years. For every 100 ...

This page was created in 24 ms