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Reference circuit

In telecommunication, a reference circuit is a hypothetical circuit of specified equivalent length and configuration, and having a defined transmission characteristic or characteristics, used primarily as a reference for measuring the performance of other, i.e., real, circuits or as a guide for planning and engineering of circuits and networks.

Note: Normally, several types of reference circuits are defined, with different configurations, because communications are required over a wide range of distances. A group of related reference circuits is also called a reference system[?] .

Source: from Federal Standard 1037C and from MIL-STD-188

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