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Oscar class submarine

The Soviet Union's Project 949 (Granit) and Project 949A (Antey) submarines are known in the West by their NATO reporting names: the Oscar-I and Oscar-II classes respectively.

Two Oscar-I submarines were built at Severodvinsk[?] and assigned to the Soviet Northern Fleet[?]:

Ten Oscar-II submarines were built at Severodvinsk[?]. Six were assigned to the Soviet Northern Fleet[?]:

Four were assigned to the Soviet Pacific Fleet[?]:

General Characteristics

  • Displacement when surfaced: 13,400 tons (Oscar-I), 14,700 tons maximum (Oscar-II)
  • Displacement when submerged: 20,540 tons (Oscar-I), 24,000 tons (Oscar-II)
  • Length: 144 meters (Oscar-I), 155 meters (Oscar-II)
  • Beam: 18.2 meters
  • Draft: 9 meters (Oscar-I) 9.2 meters (Oscar-II)
  • Max depth: Oscar-I - 400 meters regular, 450 critical. Oscar-II - 500 meters regular, 600 critical.
  • Compartments: 10
  • Complement: 48 officers, 68 men (Oscar-I) or 59 men (Oscar-II)
  • Reactor: Two OK-650b pressurised water reactors generating 190MW each.
  • Propulsion: two shafts, each 49,000hp
  • Speed (submerged): 30 knots (Oscar-I), 28 knots (Oscar-II)
  • Strategic armament: 24 Granit SS-N-19 missiles[?] in two banks of 12 tubes mounted outside the pressure hull
  • Defensive armament: four 533mm and two 650mm bow torpedo tubes



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