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Optical switch

In telecommunication, an optical switch is a switch that enables signals in optical fibers or integrated optical circuits (IOCs) to be selectively switched from one circuit to another.

Note 1: An optical switch may operate by (a) mechanical means, such as physically shifting an optical fiber to drive one or more alternative fibers, or (b) electro-optic effects, magneto-optic effects, or other methods.

Note 2: Slow optical switches, such as those using moving fibers, may be used for alternate routing[?] of an optical transmission path, e.g., routing around a fault. Fast optical switches, such as those using electro-optic or magneto-optic effects, may be used to perform logic operations.

Source: Federal Standard 1037C

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