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Öland

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Öland, or Olandia, is the second largest island, and a province or landskap, of Sweden. It is located in the Baltic Sea off the coast of Småland and to the west of Gotland.

Öland
LandGötaland
CountyKalmar
Area1,342 km²
Length
- At widest point
137 km
16 km
Population (1999)25,000
Provincial flower
- in Swedish
- in Latin
Rock rose
Ölandssolvända
Helianthemum
Oelandicum
Provincial beastThrush nightingale

Table of contents

County For current affairs see: County of Kalmar

Öland formed its own county in 1819, before being merged with the County of Kalmar, in 1824. Since 1973 the island is connected to the mainland with a bridge.

History Main article: History of Öland

Borgholm (1816), was the only chartered city of Öland.

The island has a history of being a royal game park.

Geography Main article: Geography of Öland

  • Highest mountain: Högsrum 55 meters
  • Largest lake: Möckelmossen

Öland is the second largest island in Sweden, and at the samme time its smallest province. The main towns are Borgholm, Färjestaden and Mörbylånga.

Culture Main article: Culture of Öland[?]

The Borgholm Castle[?] built 1669-1681 for Queen Hedvig Eleonora, and designed by Nicodemus Tessin[?], senior. Located in the vincinity is also Solliden Castle[?], summer home to the royal family.

The Agricultural Landscape of southern Öland has been entered as a site of the UNESCO World heritage program. Features of this are the many windmills left standing and the special geological landscape called Alvar[?].

Heraldry Main article: Heraldry of Öland

Öland was granted its arms in 1560. The symbolism of the deer is thought to represent the islands status as a royal game park. The arms are represented dukal crown. Blazon: "Azure a Deer Or attired, hoofed and gorged Gules."

External Links

  • Öland (http://www.olandsturist.se/) - Tourist site



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