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New York County, New York

New York County is a county located in the U.S. State of New York. It is coterminous with the borough of Manhattan in New York City. It was named in honor of the Duke of York, later to become the Catholic James II of England, after whom the City and State of New York were also named. As of 2000, the population comprised 1,537,195 persons. Its county seat is New York6.

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History New York County was an original county of New York State, one of twelve created in 1683. At the time of creation of New York County, it was coextensive with the then New York City and occupied all of Manhattan Island, the same area which it occupies today. In 1873, the western portion of the present Bronx County was transferred to New York County, and in 1895 the remainder of the present Bronx County was transferred to New York County. In 1914, those parts of the then New York County which had been annexed from Westchester County were constituted the new Bronx County, and New York County was reduced again to its present boundaries.

Law and Government Like the other counties which are contained within New York City, there is no county government, but county courts and some others such as the district attorney (public prosecutor) do exist.

Geography As a part of New York City, New York County contains no other political subdivisions. It occupies the whole of Manhattan Island (surrounded by the East River, the Harlem River[?], and the Hudson River) and some smaller islands, including Roosevelt Island (formerly Welfare Island, and even earlier Blackwell's Island), and a small portion of the North American mainland contiguous with The Bronx.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 87.5 km² (33.8 mi²). 59.5 km² (23.0 mi²) of it is land and 28.0 km² (10.8 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 32.01% water.

Demographics New York County is the most densely populated county in the United States.

As of the census of 2000, there are 1,537,195 people, 738,644 households, and 302,105 families residing in the county. The population density is 25,849.9/km² (66,940.1/mi²). There are 798,144 housing units at an average density of 13,421.8/km² (34,756.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 54.36% White, 17.39% African American, 0.50% Native American, 9.40% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 14.14% from other races, and 4.14% from two or more races. 27.18% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 738,644 households out of which 17.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 25.2% are married couples living together, 12.6% have a female householder with no husband present, and 59.1% are non-families. 48.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 10.9% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.00 and the average family size is 2.99.

In the county the population is spread out with 16.8% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 38.3% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 87.9 males.

The median income for a household in the county is $47,030, and the median income for a family is $50,229. Males have a median income of $51,856 versus $45,712 for females. The per capita income for the county is $42,922. 20.0% of the population and 17.6% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 31.8% are under the age of 18 and 18.9% are 65 or older.



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