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Court

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For the (original) architectural meaning of court, see courtyard.

For the entourage of a monarch, see royal court.


A court is an official forum which is established by the lawful authority of a public power[?] for the adjudication of disputes, like civil, labour, administrative and criminal justice under the Law. They judge and execute the judge decision. The extent of a court's power to hear the various matters which come before it is known as that court's jurisdiction, which is granted by a constitutional provision, Act of Parliament or anyway by an enabling statute.

There are unipersonal and pluripersonal courts. The various matters which come before a pluripersonal court are usually assigned to a particular judge, or a judicial officer (such as a court commissioner[?]) serving in the capacity of a judge pro tem[?]. Every court has a presiding judge and may have one or more other judges and/or judicial officers assigned to various court departments.

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