, an originally Gypsy
art-form strongly influenced by Andalusian
music, consists of three forms: the song (cante
), the dance (baile
) and the guitar
). Its first reference in history occurs in 1774
, from Cadalso's "Cartas Marruecas". Flamenco probably originated in Cadiz
, Jerez de la Frontera[?]
, and is a descendent of musical forms left by Moorish
invaders during the 8th
There are two forms of flamenco songs: cante jondo[?] and cante chico[?]. Cante jondo are slower and usually feature sad lyrics about disappointed love or death, while cante chico are much quicker, more popular and dance-oriented.
The golden age of flamenco is said to be 1869 to 1910, later becoming more and more popularized internationally and influenced by South American music[?], especially the tango. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, Antonio Mairena[?] and similar artists kelped kickstart a flamenco revival.
Some of Spain's most famous singers are:
In addition to these, some famous groups, like La Pandilla[?], Mecano, Azucar Moreno[?] and others came from Spain.
Also from Spain was the famous trio of singing clowns Gaby Fofo Y Miliki[?], and the humorist Arévalo[?].
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