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Tango


Tango in streets of Buenos-Aires

Tango is

  • a gathering for the purpose of dancing, originally by slaves from Africa, and later by their descendants, in some American countries
  • a social dance style that originated in Buenos Aires and Montevideo, likely in the 1880s (Tango argentino or tango criollo)
  • a dance style that was developed from the argentine Tango in Europe and North America in the early 20th century (Ballroom Tango[?])
  • the musical styles that evolved together with the dance

History Early tangos were derived from dances popular in rough venues of the working class, and contained more full body contact between partners than was considered polite in more formal dance at the time. In the 1910s versions of the tango became very popular in the United States and parts of Europe; these versions were modified to have less body contact.


Ballroom tango illustration, 1914

Technique

All widely known forms of the tango are done by a couple using gliding steps. The basic position is a closed position similar to that of other kinds of ballroom dance. In the Argentine Tango the ball of the foot is placed first, while in the International style "heel leads" (stepping first onto the heel, then the whole foot) are used for forward steps. Ballroom tangos, including American and International, are based mainly on the movement of the feet across the floor, while the Argentine Tango includes various other moves such as the gancho (hooking one's leg around one's partner's leg).

Tango music

Tango music[?] is traditionally played by an orquesta tipica, which often includes violin, piano, guitar, flute, and especially bandoneon.

The most famous tango musicians of the world include e.g. Astor Piazzolla, Carlos Gardel, Osvaldo Pugliese[?], Juan de Dios Filiberto[?], Enrique Santos Discepolo[?] and Anibal Troilo[?].

The so-called post-Piazzolla generation (1980-) includes musicians as Dino Saluzzi[?], Eduardo Mederos[?], Enrique Martin Entenza or Juan Maria Solare. A relevant characteristic of this generation is that they perform tango and different forms of contemporary, experimental music.

Important Orquestas típicas (around 1940-1950): from Rodolfo Biagi[?], Juan Darienzo[?], Alfredo De Angelis[?].


Tango is also:
  • A charter airline division of Air Canada which started services in 2001.
  • A fizzy soft drink (soda pop[?]) in the United Kingdom. It comes in various flavours, including the original orange, apple, lemon, cherry and blackcurrant. The orange flavour adverts feature various bizarre occurrences with the catchphrase "You know when you've been Tango'd". These began in the early 1990s with an ad featuring a man being slapped around the ears by an orange-clad person after drinking Tango. It received widespread condemnation after a craze for "Tangoing" people swept the nation's playgrounds, and there were reports of children receiving serious injury or even being deafened. Whether or not these were true, subsequent adverts have used less dangerous practises.
  • The letter T in the NATO_phonetic_alphabet.



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