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Military of Finland

Finland's defense forces consist of 34,700 persons in uniform (27,300 army; 3,000 navy; and 4,400 air force); the country's defense budget equals about 2% of GDP. There is universal male conscription under which all men serve from six to 12 months. As of 1995, women were permitted to serve as volunteers. A reserve force ensures that Finland can field 500,000 trained military personnel in case of need. Defence Forces have a common website (http://www.mil.fi/index_en) in English.

Military doctrine: Self-defensive; independent defense of all of domestic territory; NATO Partnership for Peace affiliate; committed to pan-European (incl. Russia) treaty of trust-enhancing cooperation like access provided for international observers during major excercises.

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To be replaced by Leopard A2's.

Also in use are Patria Sisu (Pasi), older BMP-2 Assault tanks and new Swedish Combat Vehicle 90s.


Crotale & late-generation Russian AA systems (BUK)


Brigades are equipped with 152 mm howitzers. Army corps are supported by 155 mm field cannons and 122 mm multiple rocket launchers[?]. Armoured brigades are equipped with armoured howitzers.

Air Force

Transport/support helicopter modernisation under discussion.


Emphasis on coastal defence with state-of-art anti-ship missileboats, minelayers and minesweepers.
  • Rauma class Missile FAC
  • Hämeenmaa class Minelayer

Military branches Army, Navy, Air Force, Frontier Guard (includes Sea Guard)

Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age

Military manpower - availability:
males age 15-49: 1,262,526 (2000 est.)

Military manpower - fit for military service:
males age 15-49: 1,041,795 (2000 est.)

Military manpower - reaching military age annually:
males: 34,651 (2000 est.)

Military expenditures - dollar figure: $1.8 billion (FY98)

Military expenditures - percent of GDP: 2% (FY98)

Peace Time Organization of The Finnish Defence Forces

Western Command

Guard Jaeger Regiment
Armoured Brigade
Häme Regiment
Signal Regiment
Pori Brigade
Artillery Brigade
Sout-Western Finland AA Regiment
Central Finland Regiment
Eastern Command
Karelia Brigade
Utti Jaeger Regiment
Reserve Officer School
Savo Brigade
North Karelia Brigade
Northern Command
Kainuu Brigade
Jaeger Brigade
Lapland AA Regiment
Archipelago Sea Naval Command
Gulf of Finland Naval Command
Uusimaa Brigade
Air Force
Lapland Air Command
Satakunta Air Command
Karelia Air Command
Support Squadron

See also : Finland, Finnish Jaeger troops

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