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Mausolus (more correctly Maussollus), was satrap and practically ruler of Caria (377-353 BC).

The part he took in the revolt against Artaxerxes Mnemon, his conquest of a great part of Lycia, Ionia and of several of the Greek islands, his co-operation with the Rhodians and their allies in the war against Athens, and the removal of his capital from Mylasa[?], the ancient seat of the Carian kings, to Halicarnassus are the leading facts of his history.

He is best known from the tomb erected for him by his widow Artemisia[?]. The architects Satyrus[?] and Pythis[?], and the sculptors Scopas[?], Leochares[?], Bryaxis[?] and Timotheus[?], finished the work after her death. The name of the "Mausoleum" came to be used generically for any grand tomb. Its site and a few remains can still be seen in the Turkish town of Bodrum[?].

An inscription discovered at Mylasa (Böckh, Inscr. gr. ii. 2691 c.) details the punishment of certain conspirators who had made an attempt upon his life at a festival in a temple at Labranda[?] in 353.

This entry was originally from the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.

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