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Kings of Easter Island

This list of kings of Easter Island is conceptual, based on three different versions of original traditions of the island. It has been published by Z.A. Simon[?] (1984: 168-169), in Atlantis, the Seven Seals[?]. All dates are approximate only. The date around A.D. 400 has been confirmed by some archaeological and historical publications as the earliest date of human activity on the island. The names are marked by serial numbers. None of the sources have this complete list but they are obviously different abbreviated and incomplete versions of the same original.

1 Hotu (A Matua), son of Matua (c.400)
2 Vakai, his wife
3 Tuu ma Heke
4 Nuku (Inukura?)
5 Miru a Tumaheke
6 Hata a Miru
7 Miru o Hata
8 Hiuariru (Hiu a Miru?)
9 Aturaugi. The first obsidian spearheds were used.
10 Raa
11 Atahega a Miru (descendant of Miru?), around 600
......Hakapuna?
17 Ihu a Aturanga (Oihu?)
......Ruhoi?
20 Tuu Ka(u)nga te Mamaru
21 Takahita
22 Ouaraa, around 800
23 Koroharua
24 Mahuta Ariiki (The first stone images were made in his son's time)
25 Atua Ure Rangi
26 Atuamata
27 Uremata
28 Te Riri Tuu Kura
29 Korua Rongo
30 Tiki Te Hatu
31 Tiki Tena
32 Uru Kenu, around 1000
33 Te Rurua Tiki Te Hatu
34 Nau Ta Mahiki
35 Te Rika Tea
36 Te Teratera
37 Te Ria Kautahito (Hirakau-Tehito?)
38 Ko Te Pu I Te Toki
39 Kuratahogo
40 Ko Te Hiti Rua Nea
41 Te Uruaki Kena
42 Tu Te Rei Manana, around 1200
43 Ko Te Kura Tahonga
44 Taoraha Kaihahanga
45 Tukuma(kuma)
46 Te Kahui Tuhunga
47 Te Tuhunga Hanui
48 Te Tuhunga Haroa
49 Te Tuhunga "Mare Kapeau"
50 Toati Rangi Hahe
51 Tangaroa Tatarara (Maybe Tangaiia of Mangaia Island[?]?)
52 Havini(vini) Koro (or Hariui Koro), about 1400
53 Puna Hako
54 Puna Ate Tuu
55 Puna Kai Te Vana
56 Te Riri Katea (?-1485)
57-
59 HAUMOANA, TARATAKI and TUPA ARIKI (from Peru), from 1485
60 Mahaki Tapu Vae Iti (Mahiki Tapuakiti)
61 Ngau-ka Te Mahaki or Tuu Koiho (Ko-Tuu-ihu?)
62 Anakena
63 Hanga Rau
64 Marama Ariki, around 1600
65 Riu Tupa Hotu (Nui Tupa Hotu?)
66 Toko Te Rangi. (Perhaps the "god" Rongo of Mangaia Island?)
67 Kao Aroaro (Re Kauu?)
68 Mataivi
69 Kao Hoto
70 Te Ravarava (Terava Rara)
71 Tehitehuke
72 Te Rahai or Terahai

(The alternative rulers after Terahai: Koroharua, Riki-ka-atea, whose son was Hotu Matua, then Kaimakoi, Tehetu-tara-Kura, Huero, Kaimakoi (or Raimokaky), finally Gaara who is Ngaara on the main list below.)

73 Te Huke
74 Tuu, from Mata Nui (Ko Tuu?), around 1770
75 Hotu Iti (born from Mata Iti). War around 1773.
76 Honga
77 Te Kena
78 Te Tite Anga Henua
79 Ngaara or Gobara
80 Kai Makoi Iti (=Small Kaimakoi)
81 Maurata (1859-1862)
82 Tepito
83 Gregorio = Rokoroko He Tau
84 Rukunga

Notes: Hotu (A Matua) and his followers came from a group of islands towards the rising sun, and the name of the land meant "the burial place" (Paracas[?]?) where the climate was intensely hot. Their boat trip took two months. The sinking Marae Renga may have been a sinking island in Central America. Thor Heyerdahl thinks that the eastern shore of South America was the home of these emigrants.

Sarmiento de Gamboa[?] tells that Topa Inga (Topa Inca) led a victorious transpacific expedition with 20,000 soldiers and balsa rafts from South America. Chiefs Guaman and Antarqui went with him. Montesinos[?] adds that Huaman Achachi[?] was Inca Tupac[?]'s brother. The king lists of Mangareva[?] and Easter Island agree on these. They remember the kings Haumoana, Taratahi, and Tupa or Topa Ariki. Tupa built temples, introduced breadfruit and coconut, then returned to his country. Otorongo Achache[?] was a brother of Inca Tupac. His clan's name also appears on Easter Island in pre-Inca times, as Ataranga or Aturanga. The long ears have originated from Peru, where they were called orejones[?] (=long ears) in the old Spanish records.

Agüera[?] and Felipe Gonzáles de Haedo[?] recorded in 1770 that the king of Easter island was called Teque-Teque. Captain James Cook tells that the king's name was Tohi-Tai in 1774. These could mean that king Tuu a He Tuke ruled during this period.

The imported and enslaved short ears[?] lived in peace for 200 years (from 1485 to c.1680) with the ruling long ears[?]. Then a victorious uprising broke out around 1680 which ended in a fratricidal war around 1773. The nation of the long ears was slain. Only one of them survived, and the chief during Heyerdahl's visit was one of his descendants.



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