Encyclopedia > Kauri

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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Coniferophyta[?]
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Araucariaceae
Genus: Agathis[?]
Species: Australis
ITIS 183487 (http://www.itis.usda.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=183487)
The Kauri (Agathis australis) is a type of tree native to New Zealand. Kauri trees grow straight and tall, with smooth bark and small oval leaves. Heavily logged in the past, kauri are much less common than in pre-European times.

Kauri are predominately found in the northern half of the North Island. The most famous is the Tane Mahuta tree in Northland[?]. Named after the Maori forest god, this tree has become something of a tourist attraction due to its size.

The kauri is the largest species of tree in New Zealand, rivalling the sequoia in height and girth. The size and strength of kauri timber made it a popular wood for construction and ship building.

In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries kauri gum (semi-fossilised kauri resin) was a valuable commodity, and was the focus of a considerable industry at the time.

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