Encyclopedia > John I of Scotland

  Article Content

John Balliol

Redirected from John I of Scotland

History -- History of Scotland -- Wars of Scottish Independence.

John Balliol was the king of Scotland from 1292-1296. He was selected from twelve or fourteen candidates as King of Scots by Edward I of England, following the death of the Maid of Norway in 1290. Edward then treated Scotland as a vassal state, and humiliated his appointee. John finally stood up for himself and his nation and set up the first international treaty of alliance, the Auld Alliance[?], between Scotland, Norway and France. In response Edward invaded Scotland, brutally commencing the Wars of Scottish Independence.

Edward defeated John and forced him to abdicate, placing Scotland under the administration of English officials. John was imprisoned in the Tower of London at first but eventually released on condition that he took up exile in France. This left Scotland without a monarch for ten years, until the ascension of Robert the Bruce in 1306.

King John was known as Toom Tabard (Turncoat). His dates are not known with certainty: he was born either about 1240 or in 1249/50. He died between March 4, 1313 and January 4, 1314.

Preceded by:
Margaret
List of British monarchs Succeeded by:
Robert I



All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

 
  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
 
 
  
  Featured Article
Islip Terrace, New York

... 18 to 24, 33.6% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 35 years. For every 100 females there are 96.9 males. ...

 
 
 
This page was created in 36.7 ms