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Jammu and Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir is the northernmost state of India. It has three administrative provinces: Jammu[?], the Kashmir Valley Kashmir and Ladakh.

Jammu and Kashmir was a princely state with a Muslim majority ruled by a Hindu Maharaja (king) until 1947. Since then, India and Pakistan have disputed control over Jammu and Kashmir, with both countries claiming the entire state. The de facto situation is that Pakistan controls just under half, China a small sliver, and India just over half the state. India and Pakistan have been to war three times in Kashmir (1947-48, 1965, 1971) and clashed there again during the Kargil[?] Crisis (1999). In 2001-02 there was tension between the two countries, prompted by terrorism sponsored by pakistan. It seems as if Pakistan has made a strategic decision to train terrorists(for example John Walker Lindh fought in Kashmir), send them to Kashmir to kill innocent civilians and thus put pressure on India.



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