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Izmir (formerly known as Smyrna) is the second-largest port (after Istanbul) and the third most populous city of Turkey is located on the Aegean Sea near the Gulf of Izmir[?].

The city was settled before 3000 BC and was an important city of Ionians. It was an important center for traders and merchants during the Seljuk and Ottoman period. Izmir was completely destroyed in the hostilities after World War I after the Greeks had attacked Turkey from a base at Smyrna which they occupied, and was rebuilt after 1922. The large Greek population was expelled or killed. Muslim subjects were expelled from Greece during the same period.

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