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Irish Independent

The Irish Independent is Ireland's best-selling broadsheet newspaper. It was formed in the last decade of the nineteenth century as a 'pro-parnellite newspaper, called the Daily Irish Independent. It was re-launched in the early twentieth century as the 'Irish Independent' under William Martin Murphy, a controversial Irish businessman made notorious for his part in the 1913 Lockout[?] industrial dispute in Dublin. In 1924, the traditional nationalist newspaper, the Freeman's Journal merged with the Irish Independent.

For most of its history, the Irish Independent, (or the 'Independent' as it is called colloqually) was seen as a right-wing, nationalist, catholic newspaper, which gave its political allegiance to Cumann na nGaedhael and later its successor party, Fine Gael. It urged Irish support, along with the Irish Christian Front[?], for General Franco in the Spanish Civil War.

In the 1970s, it was taken over by former Heinz chairman, Tony O'Reilly (now known as Sir Anthony O'Reilly). Under his leadership, it became a more populist mid-market newspaper. It also became less politically aligned with Fine Gael. In the 1997 general election, it controversially endorsed Fianna Fáil under a front page editorial, entitled 'Its Payback Time'.

Its main columnists include Bruce Arnold[?] and Sam Smyth[?].

Its sister paper is the Sunday Independent[?]. Other newspapers in the Independent Newspapers group include the Evening Herald, the Daily Star (Irish edition), the Sunday World (all tabloids), many local Irish newspapers and The Independent, a London-based newspaper, as well as newspapers in Australia and South Africa. It has a major share in the Sunday Tribune[?], an up-market Sunday broadsheet. Its enemies accuse the Independent Group of holding an 'unhealthy dominance' of the Irish newspaper market, all the more so since the closure of the Irish Press Group[?] in the early 1990s; with the closure of the Evening Press, the Independent's Evening Herald is now the only Irish national evening newspaper. It is an allegation the Independent disputes. What is not in dispute is that it offers a product that is widely read by Irish newspaper readers.

Its main national broadsheet rival is The Irish Times

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