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The Independents were film companies who resisted the claims of the MPPC. They built their own cameras to evade the trust's patents and moved away from the Edison Trust's strongholds to Hollywood, California, where they laid the foundations of the studio system and of the American film industry as such.

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Weak acid

... by the general formula AH, then in aqueous solution a significant amount of undissolved AH still remains. Examples of weak acids: Acetic acid Hydrofluor ...