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The Independents were film companies who resisted the claims of the MPPC. They built their own cameras to evade the trust's patents and moved away from the Edison Trust's strongholds to Hollywood, California, where they laid the foundations of the studio system and of the American film industry as such.

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Heine-Borel theorem

... a in E, because E is complete. Let l0 be an index such that Ul0 contains a; since (xn) converges to a and Ul0 is open, there is a large n such that the ball Bn is a ...