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Incheon, South Korea

Incheon (인천;仁川) (formerly Inchon) is a city on the western coast of the Korean peninsula, near Seoul. Its population in 1995 was 2,307,618.

Human settlement on the location goes back to the Neolithic. In modern times Incheon became important because its location on an estuary makes it a good harbor; when the port was founded in 1883, the city's population was only 4700. The population in 2000 was approximately 2,500,000. Incheon now has an international airport, and it was one of the locations of the 2002 Football World Cup.

The city boundaries include an area of 964.53 km2, of which 21 percent is rice paddies and another 44 percent is forested.

Incheon was the site of a United States troop landing on September 15, 1950, in order to relieve pressure on the Busan perimeter and to launch a United Nations drive northward.

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