Encyclopedia > Herculaneum

  Article Content


Herculaneum was an ancient Roman town in what is now Italy. In contrast to Pompeii, it was a smaller town with a wealthier population at the time of its destruction in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius beginning on August 24, A.D. 79. Excavation began at modern Ercolano, a suburb of Naples, in 1738.

The first major discovery of 1st century A.D. Roman skeletal materials took place in Herculaneum. Because the Romans generally practised cremation into the 3rd century, very little skeletal material remains for study. Excavation during the 1990s in the port area of Herculaneum turned up the skeletons of more than 200 individuals of varied age, sex, and class.

All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
  Featured Article

... system has been developed for the next group of edible bananas derived from section Callimusa (previously Australimusa). However, this group is known generally as th ...