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Hampton Court Palace

Hampton Court Palace is a former royal palace in Surrey, England, nowadays open to the public and a major tourist attraction for visitors to the London area.

Hampton Court was designed and built by Thomas Cardinal Wolsey for his own use but was appropriated by Wolsey's master King Henry VIII of England in about 1525, although the Cardinal continued to live there until 1529. In the following century, during the reign of William and Mary, the building was extended (partly under the supervision of Sir Christopher Wren), and the state apartments were in regular use. In later reigns, they were again neglected, and it was Caroline of Ansbach who restored them to their former status, employing architects such as William Kent to design new furnishings. Later monarchs tended to favour other London homes, and Hampton Court became the historical monument it is today.

The remaining Tudor sections of Hampton Court suggest that Wolsey intended it as a Renaissance bishop's palace along the lines of the Italian models. King Henry himself added the Great Hall and the tennis court. (This was designed for the game of real tennis, not the present-day version of the game.) During the seventeenth century, Wren demolished some of Henry's work, on the orders of King William III, to make way for a new wing. It was at Hampton Court that King William died in 1702, after falling from his horse in the grounds. Later, under King George II of Great Britain and his queen, Caroline, further refurbishment took place. The Queen's Private Apartments are still open to the public, and include her bathroom, bedroom, and private chapel.

Queen Jane Seymour gave birth to Prince Edward, the future King Edward VI at Hampton Court in 1537 and died there twelve days later, and her ghost is said to haunt the staircase in the Palace still. Queen Catherine Howard was arrested there in 1542 and is said to have run along the Long Gallery screaming for King Henry VIII to save her, before his guards caught her and dragged her away. Her ghost is said to haunt the Palace, too, still screaming in the same hallway.

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