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Halogen

The halogens are a chemical series. They are the elements in Group 17 (old-style: VII or VIIA) of the Periodic Table: fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, and astatine. The word comes from Greek roots meaning "salt" and "creator".

These elements are diatomic molecules in their natural form. They require one more electron to fill their outer electron shells, and so have a tendency to form a singly-charged negative ion. This negative ion is referred to as a halide ion; salts containing these ions are known as halides.

Many synthetic organic compounds, and a few natural ones, contain halogen atoms; these are known as halogenated compounds.



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