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Halland, or or Hallandia, is a traditional province or landskap on the western coast of Sweden. It borders to Västergötland, Småland, Skåne and to the sea of Kattegat. There is also a County of Halland.

Area4,800 km²
Provincial flower
- Swedish
- Latin
Genista pilosa
Provincial animalSalmon
Provincial birdPeregrine falcon

Table of contents

County For current affairs see: County of Halland

The County of Halland has virtually the same boundaries as the province of Halland.

History Main article: History of Halland[?]

Chartered cities before 1971:

Historically the province of Halland belonged to the Danish Crown, as a part of Skåneland, togeather with provinces Skåne and Blekinge, which made up the eastern part of the Danish kingdom. Halland became a Swedish province for a period of 30 years in 1645 by the Treaty of Brömsebro[?], and permanently from 1658 by the Treaty of Roskilde.

Geography Main article: Geography of Halland[?]

The streams of Lagan[?], Ätran[?], Nissan[?] and Viskan[?] flows through the province and reaches the sea in Kattegat. Halland is well known for its good soil and as a agricultural district.

Culture Main article: Culture of Halland[?]

The Fortress at Varberg was built in the 11th century and improved with higher walls in the 15th century. The last Duke of Halland was Prince Bertil (1912-1997), of the house Bernadotte and son of Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden.

Heraldry Main article: Heraldry of Halland[?]

Halland was granted its arms at the time for the funural of Charles X Gustav of Sweden in 1660. The province is a duchy and the arms is represented with a dukal coronet. Blazon: "Azure, a Lion rampant Argent langued, armed and dente Gules."

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